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Three Simple Procedures To Meet EPA’S LRRP Rule

Despite nearly 30 years of efforts to reduce childhood lead dust exposure, a million American children are still poisoned by paint lead each year. This paint lead poisoning puts them at risk for a wide range of health issues, including lowered IQ scores and behavioral disorders. Although lead-based paint was banned for residential use in 1978, almost 38 million U.S. homes, residential apartments and commercial buildings still contain paint lead. Routine renovation and maintenance activities in older structures can disturb lead dust. Even small amounts of lead dust can harm children and adults.

The EPA has enacted the Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting rule (LRRP). The agency requires landlords and property managers who disturb paint in pre-1978 structures to be certified and follow lead-safe work practices or to hire certified firms who follow lead-safe work practices. The new rule was effective April 22, 2010.


To become an LRRP certified renovator, individuals must take an eight-hour training course offered by private EPA-certified training providers.

Property managers and landlords performing renovation, repair and painting work should strive to work lead-safe. LRRP outlines three simple procedures that are now required for compliance:

1. Contain the work area:

  • Seal off the work area so that lead dust and debris do not escape
  • Put up warning signs
  • Cover floors and furniture with heavy-duty plastic and tape
  • Seal off doors and HVAC system vents to prevent dust from spreading to other parts of the building

2. Minimize dust:

  • Use work practices that minimize lead dust generated during renovation and repair
  • Use water to mist areas before sanding or scraping
  • Score paint before separating components
  • Use prying and pulling methods to remove components instead of breaking them
  • Do not use open flame burning or torching
  • Do not use power tools without HEPA vacuum attachments (these are prohibited by the rule because they generate large amounts of lead-contaminated dust)

3. Clean up thoroughly:

  • Keep the work area as clean as possible on a daily basis
  • When the work is completed, clean up the area using special cleaning methods including the use of a HEPA vacuum and wet mopping

For more information on the LRRP rule and certification, visit