Eyewear Lens Type Selection
Choosing protective eyewear is not as simple as just selecting a pair of safety glasses that meet the American National Standard for Occupational and Educational Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices (ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2015). There are many more features available for eyewear that can help ensure you have the best eyewear for the job you do. These features include lens coatings, lens tints/colors, welding filter shades and sizing.
Lens coatings can enhance the versatility (and even the life span) of a pair of safety glasses. These coatings are often available separately or in combination with other coatings for more functionality. One available type is an anti-scratch coating. This coating is designed to protect the lens when subjected to repeated impacts such as in grinding applications and other abrasive applications. It can also help extend the life of glasses when they are stored in conditions that may precipitate scratches. Some of these coatings are added on top of the standard lens while others are permanently bonded to the lens for even longer life.
Anti-fog coated lenses are another option to get the best performance out of safety glasses. Fogging is reported as the leading challenge workers face with safety eyewear. This type of lens coating helps reduce fogging in conditions such as cold-to-warm temperature transitions, humid environments or half-mask respirator applications. While anti-fog coating is not 100% fog free, fogging can be limited by using a fog-free lens, getting a pair of eyewear that sits further away from the face and supplementing the lens coating by adding an anti-fog cleaner or spray.
Anti-static coatings are another option. These coatings help reduce the dust and particulate levels that stick to eyewear. They work well in environments where particulate levels are a concern or where dusts and particulates sticking to the lens would create a safety concern due to reduced visibility.
Mirror coatings come in a variety of colors and can be added to both clear and tinted lenses to help reduce glare. Slight mirror coatings on clear lenses are appropriate for indoor glare reduction and for workers going from light to dark conditions. Mirrored coatings on tinted lenses are most appropriate for outdoor work in bright conditions where glare is a concern.
Polycarbonate lenses set the standard for today’s safety eyewear and are available in many colors and tints. Selecting the correct colored lens for the application is important to help get the best visual acuity.
Two terms are commonly used to aid in the selection of the correct lens color and tint. The first is visible light transmittance (VLT). This is expressed as a percentage of available light that will pass through the lens. The second is the ultraviolet (UV) or infrared (IR) absorption. This is expressed as the percentage of UVA and UVB or IR radiation the lens will absorb up to a maximum wavelength in nanometers (nm). Both the VLT and UV/IR absorptions can vary across manufacturers, so always check the eyewear specifications to help ensure you have what you need.
Clear lenses are appropriate for general indoor applications or outdoor applications with low light conditions.
Gray lenses are typically referred to as a sunglass-style tint. They are used in environments where bright light conditions and glare could cause eye fatigue. A gray lens provides good color recognition but should not be used in low light conditions as it can block too much light.
Brown/espresso lenses are similar to gray lenses and can be used like a sunglass lens where bright light conditions or glare can cause eye fatigue. This lens should not be used in low light conditions. These lenses generally meet color traffic signal recognition requirements.
Indoor/outdoor lenses are used for employees who go from light to dark conditions or need to reduce glare in indoor conditions due to harsh lighting. An indoor/outdoor lens is a clear lens with a slightly mirrored surface to reduce glare. This lens is not a photochromic (auto-darkening) lens.
Amber lenses are appropriate for low light conditions. This lens color blocks blue light and gives optimum contrast. This lens should not be used at night as too much light is blocked.
Light blue lenses reduce glare and the yellow tint often given off by industrial/sodium vapor lighting. Yellow light can cause eyestrain and fatigue.
Vermillion lenses enhance contrast while color perception is unaffected. They are often used in inspection applications where color acuity is needed.
Photochromic lenses transition from light to dark with changing light conditions.
Dark green lenses offer general-purpose protection from glare and UV. This tint should not be confused with a welding filter shade and will not provide adequate protection during soldering, torch blazing, cutting, gas welding or electric arc welding.
These filter shade lenses are designed specifically to be worn during soldering, torch blazing, cutting, gas welding and electric arc welding operations. They should never be worn as a general-purpose sunglass or for driving due to reduced light transmittance and the color distortion associated with filter shades.
The OSHA standard on eye and face protection, 29 CFR 1910.133(a)(5), references the filter lenses that are appropriate based on the operation being performed. See Grainger’s Quick Tips #109 for more information on selecting the appropriate welding shade. The new International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA) Eye and Face Protection Selection Tool provides the most complete and up-to-date selection criteria for welding applications.
Most eyewear is made in a standard size to fit most faces. But in situations where a one-size-fits-all approach doesn’t work, other sizes are often available to make wearing safety glasses comfortable.
OTG or over-the-glass eyewear is made to facilitate wearing safety glasses over prescription glasses. These glasses have a wider frame and lens to allow for most prescription eyewear to be worn underneath.
Large safety glasses are made for people with wider facial features, while size small glasses are available for women and individuals with smaller or narrower faces.
ANSI/ISEA Z87.1 Annex J Eye and Face Selection Guide, American National Standards Institute, 2015
Find even more information you can use to help make informed decisions about the regulatory issues you face in your workplace every day. View all Quick Tips Technical Resources at www.grainger.com/quicktips.
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The content in this newsletter is intended for general information purposes only. This publication is not a substitute for review of the applicable government regulations and standards, and should not be construed as legal advice or opinion. Readers with specific compliance questions should refer to the cited regulation or consult with an attorney.
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